Between 3000 and 1300 BC, the Balearic archipelago was inhabited by small communities of farmers and herdsmen. Enclosures were built of and excavated into the limestone of the islands to serve as tombs, temples and homes. Considerable more care was devoted to accommodations for the dead than for the living. This was the time of the megalithic tombs, mortuary tumuli of gigantic stones, and the religious rites that were celebrated around them. Towards the end of this period the navetas appear, constructions in the shape of an inverted boat for funereal purposes, The finest example of these, pictured below, is the Naveta Es Tudons which dates from the late Pre-Talayotic age 1400-1300 BC. The photo below shows the upper level with holes in the roof slabs, presumably for ventilation.

     The pastoral Neolithic civilization was superceded by a more warlike people who established what is known as the Talayotic culture, characterized by walled settlements with imposing central promontories called talayots (from atalaya watchtower).